September 11, 1991

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Vol. 11, Issue 02
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To some of his opponents, Judge Thomas's past comments on the 1954 High Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, which outlawed racial segregation in public schools, offer one more reason why he is unfit to replace retiring Associate Justice Thurgood Marshall.
A national bookstore chain has instituted a program promoting the display of books devoted to children with physical or developmental disabilities.
In a motion filed in U.S. bankruptcy court late last month, the district claimed that it could now deal with creditors on its own and did not need further protection under Chapter 9 of the federal bankruptcy code.
The Commission on National and Community Service is set to hold its first meeting Sept. 25, Bush Administration officials have announced.
Struggling to cope with the effects of deep cuts in state education aid, officials of several Southern California school districts this summer turned for help to an obscure 1972 law written to give one community taxing power to buy gas street- lights.
When the 26,000 students in the Little Rock, Ark., public schools began classes this month, they became the first students in the nation to be automatically covered by a free district insurance policy for the often unmanageable costs of drug- and alcohol-abuse treatment.
OMAHA--The Bush Administration last week launched an intensive public-relations campaign to promote the President's America 2000 education strategy.
Poorly ventilated schools can cause health problems among students, especially the estimated 3.9 million children who have asthma, the American Lung Association concludes from two new studies.
An idea still in its infancy only a decade ago, partnerships between the nation's schools and its institutions of higher learning are just now coming of age, and will likely mature into an indispensable element of school reform during the 1990's, educators say.
Acknowledging Massachusetts' high proportion of students in special education, state officials have issued a report recommending tightening the legal definition of eligibility for the costly program.
In the biggest teacher work action of the new school year, teachers in the Providence, R.I., school district went on strike last week, idling some 21,000 students.
The Maryland State Board of Education has named Nancy S. Grasmick, a longtime Baltimore County educator and ally of Gov. William Donald Schaefer, as the new state superintendent of schools.
Many Massachusetts school districts are greeting their state's new school-choice law in much the same way that residents awaited last month's Hurricane Bob: shutting their doors and warning of disaster.
The desegregation plan for the Knox County, Tenn., schools is not discriminatory despite the fact that it affects blacks more than it does whites, a federal judge has ruled.
The Education Department's researchers are less-than-happy campers, a survey of employees in the department's office of research has found.
The following are summaries of final action by legislatures on education-related matters.
"To understand Japan--its work ethic and its strong identity one must understand these lessons as they are taught in schools," writes Bruce Feiler in Learning to Bow: An American Teacher in a Japanese School. Mr. Feilers book recounts a one-year stint as an English instructor at a junior school in the small city of Sano, north of Tokyo.
Aging flower children and hippie-wannabees got another chance to don their love beads and bell bottoms at a recent concert to benefit children's arts funding in Northampton, Mass.
Through intergovernmental collaboration, deregulation, and a "shared educational vision," the Ohio Department of Education could be transformed from an auditing and monitoring body to a research, support, and service leader, a high-level business report concludes.
Thousands of Dallas students staged a raucous demonstration last week in front of the district's administration building to protest 245 teacher layoffs that have disrupted the opening of school.
Faced with growing enrollments of immigrants and refugees, the Fairfax County, Va., school board has taken the unusual step of establishing programs specifically geared toward students who were poorly educated in their native lands.
During the 1989-90 academic year, William Mittlefehldt initiated a new unit in his socialstudies class at Anoka Senior High School in Minnesota. Using real-world data bases that provided detailed information on the 50 states, the students drafted strategies to enhance Minnesota's economic development. The best were then presented to a three-member legislative panel in St. Paul.
California teachers who have lost their jobs or are in danger of doing so are being urged to consider joining the Peace Corps, which has launched an aggressive recruiting drive for out-of-work teachers from its San Francisco office.
WASHINGTON--Nearly one-half of the nation's colleges and universities experienced midyear budget cuts during the 1990-91 academic year, according to a survey by the American Council on Education.
WASHINGTON--High-school students who enroll in a four-year college immediately after graduation are more likely to earn a college degree than are other students, suggests a study released here last week by the American Council on Education.
An increasing number of girls under age 15 who become pregnant appear to be carrying their pregnancies to term rather than obtaining abortions, an annual federal report indicates.
Whittle Communications, known for its "Channel One" classroom broadcasts and its ambitious plan to open a chain of for-profit schools, plans an expansion following a $350-million investment by a New York City firm last week.
WASHINGTON--The NationaI Academy of Sciences is expected to take a lead role in a new initiative to coordinate the efforts of several organizations trying to develop standards for what students need to know and be able to do in the sciences.
The brains of people with dyslexia, a learning disability characterized by difficulty in reading, are fundamentally different from those of normal readers, a study has found.
Despite having a large proportion of working, married parents, Latino children slipped into poverty in the 1980's at a faster rate than either white or black children, a new Children's Defense Fund report has found.
Colorado legislators were scheduled to begin a special session this week devoted partly to solving the state's education-budget troubles.
Local school systems in Georgia have emerged in relatively good shape from the state's summer round of budget cutting and the most severe layoffs of government workers in state history.
Pennsylvania school districts have gone to court to contest new state rules requiring them to provide school-tax rebates to taxpayers.
California lawmakers and Gov. Pete Wilson last week headed toward agreement on legislation to resuscitate and revamp their state's assessment program.
WASHINGTON A group of experts last week proposed an ambitious set of new assessment systems--including an early-childhood assessment and a test of college students--that could be used to measure progress on the six national education goals.
Washington--The Education Department has sent to the Congress a plan for reauthorizing its research office that affirms its goal of providing more flexibility in research funding and calls for few changes in the agency's structure.
WASHINGTON--Members of the House and Senate education committees are working on proposals that would radically reshape federal student-loan programs and convert Pell Grants into an entitlement.
WASHNGTON--When lawmakers put the final touches on the bill reauthorizing the Higher Education Act of 1965 later this year, it is likely that they will have created new programs te boost teacher education and recruitment.
Gov. Ned McWherter of Tennessee and U.S. Secretary of Education Lamar Alexander sat down to breakfast last week in an effort to draw attention to their education-reform plans and away from weeks of local news stories that have cast the politicians as feuding rivals.
WASHINGTON--Believing that the U.S. Supreme Court this term could make it easier for school districts to end federal-court oversight in desegregation cases, a group of more than 50 social scientists has rallied behind a statement backing school desegregation as a tool for improving both education and society.
ELLICOTT CITY, MD.--With a throng of flag-waving children, a horde of photographers and reporters, a squadron of speakers, and rows of smiling government officials, the event at Worthington Elementary School here late last week had all the hallmarks of a candidate's campaign whistle stop.
Really sound educational ideas don't come along very often. Not enduring and replicable ones, anyway. So it's worth observing that a notable innovation in classroom teaching is 25 years old this year--and is still being replicated.
Amid all the education hoopla generated by national goals, the America 2000 plan, and proposals for national exams, one little-noticed piece of legislation was enacted this summer that may have far greater impact on actually raising academic achievement than all of the other reform efforts put together.
FOUNDATION SUPPORT: Coverage of specific topics in Education Week is supported in part by grants from the Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the CME Group Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation, the Joyce Foundation, the NoVo Foundation, the Noyce Foundation, the Raikes Foundation, the Wallace Foundation, and the Walton Family Foundation. The newspaper retains sole editorial control over the content of the articles that are underwritten by the foundations. Additional grants in support of Editorial Projects in Education’s data journalism and video capacity come from the Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust and the Schott Foundation for Public Education. (Updated 1/1/2017)

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