As Education Week marks its 20th anniversary, here are some of the people, events, and issues that were making news 20 years ago.
Selected stories from June 16, 1982:
Catholic Schools: Lay teachers, once a small minority of the teaching faculties of Roman Catholic schools in the United States, are now in the majority. The shift is posing practical and philosophical challenges for educators.
A Higher Bar: Athletes who wish to qualify for college athletic scholarships may have to meet more stringent academic-eligibility requirements in the future. Several groups are proposing new and tougher rules to the annual conference of the National Collegiate Athletic Association.
State Chief's Race: A dark-horse candidate, who spent $1.2 million on his campaign to become California's superintendent of public instruction, has won enough votes in the primary election to force a runoff in November. Bill Honig, the superintendent of the Reed Elementary School District in Marin County, Calif., is calling for more homework, more discipline, and more math study to reverse failing test scores.
Long, Hot Summer: The Dade County, Fla., school system expects to keep more than half its schools open and operating over the summer to provide an extensive array of options for students. District leaders hope to enroll at least half the system's 224,500 students in summer school in an effort to keep youngsters off the streets and productive.
Special Education: The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit is considering an Ohio case that could further define the rights of parents, districts, and courts to decide on the proper educational placement for special-needs students. The case, Roncker v. Walter, involves a 9-year-old whose parents want him kept in a special education classroom in a regular elementary school. Officials of the Cincinnati school district say the child should attend a separate, county-operated facility for severely handicapped youngsters.
Busing Critic: Boston Superintendent Robert R. Spillane is publicly declaring his dissatisfaction with court-ordered desegregation, saying that it is not working and should be replaced. Mr. Spillane says U.S. District Judge W. Arthur Garrity Jr. needs to give the district more flexibility to manage and run the city's school system.
Looming Shortages: Florida can expect a shortage of teachers in many disciplines within the next few years, but education officials should not try to ease the situation by lowering standards, warns a report by the state's Education Standards Commission. Shortages of mathematics, science, and vocational education teachers already exist in the Sunshine State, as they do nationwide, the commission notes, but "less recognized are approaching shortages of teachers of foreign languages, elementary education, and exceptional children."
Vol. 21, Issue 40, Page 6Published in Print: June 12, 2002, as Retrospective