Defining and Measuring Leadership

Article Tools
  • PrintPrinter-Friendly
  • EmailEmail Article
  • ReprintReprints
  • CommentsComments
Guidelines written in 1996 by the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium, a project of the Council of Chief State School Officers, are a common thread running through new assessments for school administrators. For more information, go to
The standards say that a school administrator is an educational leader who promotes the success of all students by:
  • Facilitating the development, articulation, implementation, and stewardship of a vision of learning that is shared and supported by the local community;
  • Advocating, nurturing, and sustaining a school culture and instructional program conducive to student learning and staff professional growth;
  • Ensuring management of the organization, operations, and resources for a safe, efficient, and effective learning environment;
  • Collaborating with families and community members, responding to diverse community interests and needs, and mobilizing community resources;
  • Acting with integrity, fairness, and in an ethical manner; and
  • Understanding, responding to, and influencing the larger political, social, economic, legal, and cultural context.
The following tests incorporate the standards:
School Leaders Licensure Assessment
To license school principal candidates
First administered: 1998
States using it: Arkansas, the District of Columbia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
School Superintendent Assessment
To license beginning-superintendent candidates
First administered: Oct. 21, 2000
State using it: Missouri
School Leader Portfolio Assessment
To renew credentials for principals or for general professional development
First administered: Planned for 2002
States scheduled for pilot test: Indiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio

Web Only

Related Stories
Notice: We recently upgraded our comments. (Learn more here.) If you are logged in as a subscriber or registered user and already have a Display Name on, you can post comments. If you do not already have a Display Name, please create one here.
Ground Rules for Posting
We encourage lively debate, but please be respectful of others. Profanity and personal attacks are prohibited. By commenting, you are agreeing to abide by our user agreement.
All comments are public.

Back to Top Back to Top

Most Popular Stories





Sponsor Insights

Free Ebook: How to Implement a Coding Program in Schools

Successful Intervention Builds Student Success

Effective Ways to Support Students with Dyslexia

Stop cobbling together your EdTech

Integrate Science and ELA with Informational Text

Can self-efficacy impact growth for ELLs?

Disruptive Tech Integration for Meaningful Learning

Building Community for Social Good

5 Resources on the Power of Interoperability from Unified Edtech

New campaign for UN World Teachers Day

5 Game-Changers in Today’s Digital Learning Platforms

Hiding in Plain Sight - 7 Common Signs of Dyslexia in the Classroom

The research: Reading Benchmark Assessments

Shifting Mindsets: A Guide for Training Paraeducators to Think Differently About Challenging Behavior

All Students Are Language Learners: The Imagine Learning Language Advantage™

Shifting Mindsets: A Guide for Training Paraeducators to Think Differently About Challenging Behavior

How to Support All Students with Equitable Pathways

2019 K-12 Digital Content Report

3-D Learning & Assessment for K–5 Science

Climate Change, LGBTQ Issues, Politics & Race: Instructional Materials for Teaching Complex Topics

Closing the Science Achievement Gap

Evidence-based Coaching: Key Driver(s) of Scalable Improvement District-Wide

Advancing Literacy with Large Print

Research Sheds New Light on the Reading Brain

Tips for Supporting English Learners Through Personalized Approaches

Response to Intervention Centered on Student Learning

The Nonnegotiable Attributes of Effective Feedback

SEE MORE Insights >