A Short History of the Presidents' Lessons
- Dwight D. Eisenhower: After the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1 in 1957, he signed the National Defense Education Act, which set aside $1 billion in grants and loans to improve science and mathematics instruction in both schools and colleges.
- Gerald R. Ford: A program advanced by President Ford to encourage schools to teach students how to convert standard measurements to metric made little headway in changing the country's system of measures.
- Bill Clinton: Agencies from the Department of Agriculture
to the Department of Health and Human Services provide schools with
curriculum materials or the money to buy texts or to design their own