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President Clinton is expected to miss a Feb. 1 deadline for submitting his fiscal 1994 budget, and has said that he will outline his economic plan on Feb. 17, when he addresses the nation in his first State of the Union Message.

The Administration is not expected to complete a formal budget until mid-March.

The President is reportedly considering a series of tax measures, budget cuts, and targeted spending increases--including some for education and children's programs.

Secretary of Labor Robert B. Reich told The Washington Post last week that Mr. Clinton's economic-stimulus package could cost $25 million, and include additional spending for childhood immunizations and job programs for youth. Earlier he had said that the package would range between $15 million and $20 million.

The Feb. 1 deadline was set in the 1990 budget pact between Congress and the Bush Administration.

The Education Department squandered $14.7 billion during the presidencies of Ronald Reagan and George Bush, largely due to poor management of the federal student-loan program, according to a Congressional staff report released last week.

"Managing the Federal Government: A Decade in Decline,'' a 334-page report produced by the Democratic staff of the House Government Operations Committee, identifies more than $300 billion in wasted funds across the government.

Drawing primarily on previous General Accounting Office and Inspectors General reports, the committee staff suggests that "management failure exists throughout'' the Education Department.

The department "has mismanaged the student-loan program, and is plagued by inadequate information systems incapable of informing and accounting systems incapable of counting,'' the report says. "Last but not least, the department has failed to adequately recruit and train its staff to compensate for limited resources and increasing program responsibilities.''

The report notes that while the agency's budget increased 85 percent between fiscal years 1981 and 1991 and the number of programs it manages increased 47 percent during that period, staff positions decreased by 30 percent.

The report faults the department for: providing too large a subsidy to lenders participating in the federal loan program; failing to properly scrutinize postsecondary institutions for program eligibility; permitting students who have defaulted on their loans to continue receiving aid; using unreliable accounting and information systems; and failing to adequately monitor processes for awarding and closing out grants.

The Department of Health and Human Services has issued new rules clarifying procedures for serving disabled children in Head Start programs.
The Head Start program requires that at least 10 percent of enrollment openings in each state be made available to children with disabilities. Nationally, 13 percent of the slots have gone to such children.

The final rule, which appeared in the January 21 Federal Register, revises existing rules and codifies previously issued guidance on determining eligibility and coordinating services for the disabled.

The rules are designed to insure that Head Start definitions and practices conform with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, and to improve coordination between Head Start and state education agencies and social-service providers.

The rules require plans for collaborating with community providers to arrange services for handicapped children. They also require Head Start programs to screen children to determine their needs within 45, rather than 90, days of when programs begin in the fall.

Walter E. Massey, an advocate for precollegiate education who headed the National Science Foundation for two years, has resigned to take the second-ranking leadership post with the University of California system.

Mr. Massey, 54, a 10th-grade dropout who later graduated from Morehouse College in Atlanta, came to the î.ó.æ. from the physics department at Brown University, where he founded a program to prepare science teachers for inner-city schools.

He previously headed the Argonne National Laboratory.

As N.S.F. director, he said that support for precollegiate science education, particularly for women and minority students, was his second priority after insuring the strength of the nation's science research institutions.

During his tenure at the N.S.F., the agency launched the State Systemic Initiative program, designed to strengthen mathematics and science education by fostering cooperation among agencies; signed a cooperative agreement with the Education Department to jointly oversee federal programs that support math and science education; and held a national conference to devise methods to increase racial diversity among math, science, and engineering students.

In a sweeping rejection of the Bush Administration's policies on abortion, President Clinton repealed the ban on abortion counseling by non-physicians at federally-funded family planning clinics, also called "the gag rule,'' two days after he took office on Jan. 22.

About a third of all patients at such clinics are teenagers.

The President also urged the Food and Drug Administration to revoke the ban on RU 486, also called "the abortion pill,'' barring a clear medical reason not to; lifted restrictions on fetal-tissue research; and ended a ban on funding international family-planning programs that include abortion counseling.

The Education Department has published a book on the potential effects of military cutbacks on education.

The book, "Military Cutbacks and the Expanding Role of Education,'' includes papers presented at a May 1991 conference convened by the department. Issues discussed include education opportunities for those leaving the military, and effects of the reduction on postsecondary institutions and the workforce.

Copies are available for $13 each from New Orders, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, Pa. 15250-7954. Cite stock number 065-000-00545-0.

Vol. 12, Issue 18

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