The judge, who had initially threatened the union members with 30-day jail terms, also imposed six months' probation on them, Ms. McQuarrie said.
Teachers went on strike last September in protest of salary provisions and working conditions. (See Education Week, Sept. 19, 1990.)
The Philadelphia school district has issued a memorandum warning teachers that they face suspension if they wear religious garb in the classroom.
The memo states that teachers should avoid "any garment, headwear, or accessory that is identifiable as religious in nature."
The district's memo follows a ruling last year by a federal appeals court upholding a Pennsylvania law that bars the wearing of religious garb in the classroom.
The ruling upheld the firing of a teacher in the Philadelphia district who insisted on wearing a head scarf and other garments in accordance with her Muslim religious beliefs. (See Education Week, Sept. 5, 1990.)
The Texas Supreme Court has upheld an appeals-court decision that the Houston Independent School District must release selected information on district administrators to a local newspaper.
The Houston Chronicle filed suit in 1988 after it was denied access to school administrators' college records. The newspaper sought the records after it reported that between 5 and 25 school administrators had received mail-order degrees from an unaccredited California university. (See Education Week, Sept. 20, 1989.)
A state court held in 1989 that the district must disclose portions of the records, but two weeks later, Gov. Bill Clements signed into law an amendment to the state open-records act that exempted the college transcripts of public-school employees except for their degrees earned and curriculum.
An appeals court upheld the lower-court decision, and said the district should release the portions permitted under the open-records act.
The state's high court returned the case to the trial court for action.
Vol. 10, Issue 22