Pregant Students and Title IX: Protections Are Specific

Article Tools
  • PrintPrinter-Friendly
  • EmailEmail Article
  • ReprintReprints
  • CommentsComments

The National Association of Secondary School Principals, which administers the National Honor Society, advises its membership that under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, "pregnancy cannot be the basis for automatic rejection," said Ivan Gluckman, counsel to the principals' group. But pregnancy can be "considered as one determinant of character if evidence of paternity is similarly regarded as indicative of character," he added.

In regulations issued in 1975, the specific requirements of Title IX as it relates to pregnancy are spelled out. As summarized by Margaret C. Dunkle, chairman of the National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education and former special assistant for education legislation at the U.S. Department of Health, Educa-tion, and Welfare, the regulations provide that:

A school cannot discriminate in admission on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or recovery.

Once she has been admitted, a school cannot discriminate against a pregnant student in classes, programs, or extracurricular activities.

As a general rule, a school must treat pregnancy as it treats other temporary physical disabilities. For example, medical and health plans and health-insurance policies offered through the school must treat pregnancy like other temporary disabilities in all respects.

While a school may offer separate classes or activities for pregnant students, it cannot force or coerce pregnant students to participate in these classes: Participation must be completely voluntary and pregnant students must be permitted to stay in the regular classroom if they so choose.

Any separate programs for pregnant students must be comparable to those available to other students.

A school can require certification from a physician that a pregnant student is physically and emotionally able to participate in classes and other activities only if it makes the same requirements of other students with medical conditions.

A school must grant medical leave for pregnancy, even if it does not have an official leave policy, if the pregnant student's doctor says that it is medically necessary. After this leave, the pregnant student must be reinstated to the status she had when the leave began.--cc

Vol. 03, Issue 20

Notice: We recently upgraded our comments. (Learn more here.) If you are logged in as a subscriber or registered user and already have a Display Name on, you can post comments. If you do not already have a Display Name, please create one here.
Ground Rules for Posting
We encourage lively debate, but please be respectful of others. Profanity and personal attacks are prohibited. By commenting, you are agreeing to abide by our user agreement.
All comments are public.

Back to Top Back to Top

Most Popular Stories





Sponsor Insights

Free Ebook: How to Implement a Coding Program in Schools

Successful Intervention Builds Student Success

Effective Ways to Support Students with Dyslexia

Stop cobbling together your EdTech

Integrate Science and ELA with Informational Text

Can self-efficacy impact growth for ELLs?

Disruptive Tech Integration for Meaningful Learning

Building Community for Social Good

5 Resources on the Power of Interoperability from Unified Edtech

New campaign for UN World Teachers Day

5 Game-Changers in Today’s Digital Learning Platforms

Hiding in Plain Sight - 7 Common Signs of Dyslexia in the Classroom

The research: Reading Benchmark Assessments

Shifting Mindsets: A Guide for Training Paraeducators to Think Differently About Challenging Behavior

All Students Are Language Learners: The Imagine Learning Language Advantage™

Shifting Mindsets: A Guide for Training Paraeducators to Think Differently About Challenging Behavior

How to Support All Students with Equitable Pathways

2019 K-12 Digital Content Report

3-D Learning & Assessment for K–5 Science

Climate Change, LGBTQ Issues, Politics & Race: Instructional Materials for Teaching Complex Topics

Closing the Science Achievement Gap

Evidence-based Coaching: Key Driver(s) of Scalable Improvement District-Wide

Advancing Literacy with Large Print

Research Sheds New Light on the Reading Brain

Tips for Supporting English Learners Through Personalized Approaches

Response to Intervention Centered on Student Learning

The Nonnegotiable Attributes of Effective Feedback

SEE MORE Insights >