Legislative Report

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as of 5 p.m. on August 10


APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENTS OF EDUCATION, LABOR, AND HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FOR FISCAL 1984. The Administration proposes spending $13.2 billion for the Education Department. The Job Training Partnership Act, in the Labor Department, would be funded at $3.6 billion. The Head Start program, in the Department of Health and Human Services, would be funded at $1.05 billion. The Appropriations Committee is scheduled to act on recommendations of its education subcommittee this week.

Hearings Under Way Pending in Appropriations Committee

APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND OTHER AGENCIES FOR FISCAL 1984. The House bill includes $150 million for the National Endowment for the Humanities, $165 million for the National Endowment for the Arts, and $21.5 million for the Institute of Museum Services. A Senate Appropriations subcommittee on July 20 also approved those spending levels.

Pending in Appropriations Committee Passed June 28 H Rep 98-253

APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOR FISCAL 1984 (HR 3223). The Administration proposes spending $2.88 billion for child-nutrition programs, including $446.1 million for the school-lunch program. The House and Senate appropriations bills included those figures, but their committee reports specified that an additional $308 million would be necessary to operate the program through the end of the fiscal year in September 1984. Funds for the current year, fiscal 1983, are already running out, and the Administration has asked for a supplemental appropriation of $118 million.

Passed June 29 S Rep 98-160 Passed June 7 H Rep 98-231

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION REAUTHORIZATION (HR 2066, S 1024, S 1087). House bill would authorize $1.34 billion for the foundation, with $39 million earmarked for science education. Senate bill S 1024, which would authorize $1.29 for the foundation, with $39 million for science education, was approved by the Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee. S 1087, with no funds for science education (because such funding was included in the mathematics and science education bill), was approved by the Labor and Human Resources Committee.

S 1024 Reported April 12 S Rep 98-58

S 1087 Reported May 16 Passed May 12 H Rep 98-73

MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE EDUCATION. (HR 1310, S 1285). House bill, passed March 2, would provide $425 million for improvement programs in schools and colleges, including a $250-million precollegiate block grant. S 1285, approved by the Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee on May 11, would also provide $425 million, including a $205-million precollegiate block grant, and a $30-million program for "partnerships" between schools and colleges, states, and businesses.

Reported May 16 Passed March 2 H Rep 98-6

DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS COMMODITIES (HR 1590, S 17). House bill, approved on May 5 by the Agriculture Committee, would require the Agriculture Department to increase the variety and quantity of surplus food donated to schools and nonprofit organizations. Senate bill, approved by the Senate Agriculture Committee on March 9, would permit the department greater discretion in distributing surplus commodities.

Reported March 9 S Rep 98-21 Reported May 16 H Rep 98-148

TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO THE EDUCATION CONSOLIDATION AND IMPROVEMENT ACT (HR 1035, S 1008). Companion bills would amend the 1981 law that created the block-grants program and simplified the Chapter 1 program for disadvantaged children. Neither measure includes the Administration's proposal to change the definition of a "currently migratory" child for determining eligibility for the migrant-education portion of Chapter 1. ReportedMay 16PassedApril 12H Rep 98-51

SCHOOL-PRAYER AMENDMENT (SJ Res 73) Administration-sponsored Senate resolution, SJ Res 73, would begin the process of amending the U.S. Constitution to permit organized prayer in public schools, with a provision that any student not desiring to participate in school-board-sanctioned prayer could be exempted, and a prohibition on state approval of specific prayers. The Senate Judiciary Committee has approved the measure, but it also approved another version of the bill, introduced by Senator Orrin G. Hatch (R-Utah), chairman of the Subcommittee on the Constitution. The Senator's bill, which is not numbered, would permit only silent prayer or meditation in schools, along with voluntary prayer by groups of students. (The measure must be passed by both chambers of Congress and ratified by the legislatures of 38 states.)

Passed July 14 No Action

TUITION TAX CREDITS (S 528, HR 1730). Administration bill would provide a $100 maximum federal income-tax credit for parents who pay private-school tuition. The amount of the credit would increase to $300 in three years. The Senate Finance Committee approved its version on May 24.

Reported May 24 S Rep 98-154 No Action

SCHOOL-DESEGREGATION SUPPORT (S 1256, HR 2207) House and Senate bills would re-enact the Emergency School Aid Act, a 1972 law that provided funds to school districts undergoing desegregation, for activities other than mandatory busing, until it was repealed in 1981. The House passed a bill authorizing $100 million for the fiscal years 1984 and 1985 on June 7. The Senate Labor and Human Resources subcommittee on education held a hearing on S 1256 on June 27.

Hearings Under Way

Passed June 7H Rep 98-136

AMENDMENTS TO THE FOLLOW THROUGH PROGRAM (HR 2148).House bill would authorize approximately $23 million for the Follow Through program for disadvantaged elementary-school students through the fiscal year 1985, and it would create a national commission to study the history of the 15-year-old program. Follow Through is scheduled to be folded into the block-grants package at the end of 1984.

No Action

Passed June 7H Rep 98-160

AMENDMENTS TO THE SPECIAL-EDUCATION LAW (S 1341, HR 3435). Senate bill would reauthorize for three years sections of the Education for All Handicapped Children Law and create a new program to assist handicapped high-school students in making the transition to college or employment. The measure is sponsored by Lowell P. Weicker (R-Conn.), chairman of the Subcommittee on the Handicapped. The House Subcommittee on Select Education held a hearing on HR 3435, a similar measure, on July 14.

Passed June 27

Hearings Under way

EDUCATION VOUCHERS (HR 2397). Administration bill would amend Chapter 1 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act to permit school districts and/or state education agencies to turn Chapter 1 funds for the education of disadvantaged children over to parents to be spent at the schools of their choice.No Action

Hearings Concluded

bills enacted

SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR JOBS FOR FISCAL 1983 (P.L. 98-8). Supplemental measure, signed on March 24, would provide $4.6 billion for jobs-related programs, including $200 million for education programs. The measure includes: $60 million for the impact-aid program, $50 million for public libraries, $40 million for removal of architectural barriers to the handicapped, and $50 million for energy-conservation programs.

APPROPRIATIONS FOR INDEPENDENT AGENCIES FOR FISCAL 1984 (P.L. 98-45). The bill, signed on July 12, provides $1.32 billion for the National Science Foundation, including $54 million for precollegiate science and mathematics programs.

Vol. 02, Issue 39

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