Legislative Report

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as of 5 p.m. on June 8

FIRST CONCURRENT BUDGET RESOLUTION FOR FISCAL 1984 (H Con Res 91 and S Con Res 27). House resolution setting broad federal spending targets for the fiscal year 1984 allows $16.3 billion for the Education Department, $3.1 billion more than the Administration requested. Senate resolution allows $15.9 billion for the department. (A budget resolution does not have to be signed by the President.)

Passed May 19 S Rep 98-63 Passed March 24 H Rep 98-41

APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENTS OF EDUCATION, LABOR, AND HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FOR FISCAL 1984. The Administration proposes spending $13.2 billion for the Education Department. The Job Training Partnership Act, in the Labor Department, would be funded at $3.6 billion. The Head Start program, in the Department of Health and Human Services, would be funded at $1.05 billion.

Hearings Under Way Hearings Under Way

APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND OTHER AGENCIES FOR FISCAL 1984. The Administration proposes spending $112.2 million for the National Endowment for the Humanities, $125 million for the National Endowment for the Arts, and $11.5 million for the Institute of Museum Services.

Hearings Under Way Hearings Under Way

APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOR FISCAL 1984 (HR 3223). The Administration proposes spending $2.88 billion for child-nutrition programs, including $446.1 million for the school-lunch program. The House on June 8 passed an appropriations bill that included those figures, but the Appropriations subcommittee responsible for child-nutrition programs specified in its report that more funds would be necessary before the fiscal year ends in September 1984.

Hearings Under Way Passed June 8 H Rep 98-231

APPROPRIATIONS FOR INDEPENDENT AGENCIES FOR FISCAL 1984. The Administration would provide $20 million for precollegiate science and mathematics programs in the National Science Foundation. The House on June 2 passed a bill that would include $70 million for science education.

Hearings Under Way Passed June 2 H Rep 98-223

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION REAUTHORIZATION (HR 2066, S 1024, S 1087). The Administration has proposed a measure that would authorize $1.29 billion for the foundation, with $39 million earmarked for science education. House bill, incorporating that request, was approved by the House on May 12. Senate bill S 1024, with similar funding levels, was approved by the Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee on March 22. S 1087, with no funds for science education, was reported by the Labor and Human Resources Committee on May 16.

S 1024 Reported April 12S Rep 98-58

S 1087 Reported May 16 Passed May 12 H Rep 98-73

MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE EDUCATION. (HR 1310). House bill, passed March 2, would provide $425 million for improvement programs in schools and colleges, including a $250-million precollegiate block grant. S 1285, approved by the Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee on May 11, would also provide $425 million, including a $205 million precollegiate block grant, and a $30 million program for "partnerships" between schools and colleges, states, and businesses.

Reported May 16 Passed March 2 H Rep 98-6

DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS COMMODITIES (HR 1590, S 17). House bill, approved on May 5 by the Agriculture Committee, would require the Agriculture Department to increase the variety and quantity of surplus food donated to schools and nonprofit organizations. Senate bill, approved by the Senate Agriculture Committee on March 9, would permit the department greater discretion in distributing surplus commodities.

Reported March 9S Rep 98-21 Reported May 16 H Rep 98-148

TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO THE EDUCATION CONSOLIDATION AND IMPROVEMENT ACT (HR 1035, S 1008). Companion bills would amend the 1981 law that created the block-grants program and simplified the Chapter 1 program for disadvantaged children. Neither measure includes the Administration's proposal to change the definition of a "currently migratory" child for determining eligibility for the migrant-education portion of Chapter 1.

Reported May 16 Passed April 12 H Rep 98-51

SCHOOL-PRAYER AMENDMENT Administration-sponsored Senate resolution would begin the process of amending the U.S. Constitution to permit organized prayer in public schools, with a provision that any student not desiring to participate in school-board-sanctioned prayer could be exempted. (The measure must be passed by both chambers of Congress and ratified by the legislatures of 38 states.)

Mark-up Postponed No Action

TUITION TAX CREDITS (S 528, HR 1730). Administration bill would provide a $100 maximum federal-income-tax credit for parents who pay private-school tuition. The amount of the credit would increase to $300 in three years. The Senate Finance Committee approved its version on May 24.

Ordered Reported May 24 No Action

SCHOOL-DESEGREGATION SUPPORT (S 1256, HR 2207) House and Senate bills would reenact the Emergency School Aid Act, a 1972 law that provided funds to school districts undergoing desegregation, for activities other than mandatory busing, until it was repealed in 1981. The House passed a bill authorizing $100 million for the fiscal years 1984 and 1985 on June 7. The Senate Labor and Human Resources subcommittee on education has scheduled a hearing on S 1256 for June 16.

Hearings Under Way

Passed June 7H Rep 98-136

AMENDMENTS TO THE FOLLOW THROUGH PROGRAM (HR 2148).House bill would authorize approximately $23 million for the Follow Through program for disadvantaged elementary school students through the fiscal year 1985, and it would create a national commission to study the history of the 15-year-old program. Follow Through is scheduled to be folded into the block-grants package at the end of 1984.

No Action

PassedJ une 7H Rep 98-160

AMENDMENTS TO THE SPECIAL-EDUCATION LAW (S 1341). Senate bill would reauthorize for three years sections of the Education for All Handicapped Children Law and create a new program to assist handicapped high-school students in making the transition to college of employment. The measure is sponsored by Lowell P. Weicker (R-Conn.), chairman of the Subcommittee on the Handicapped. The Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee approved the measure on May 23.

Reported May 23

No Action

EDUCATION VOUCHERS (HR 2397). Administration bill would amend Chapter 1 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act to permit school districts and/or state education agencies to turn Chapter 1 funds for the education of disadvantaged children over to parents to be spent at the schools of their choice. No Action

Hearings Under Way

bills enacted

SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR JOBS FOR FISCAL 1983 (P.L. 98-8). Supplemental measure, signed on March 24, would provide $4.6 billion for jobs-related programs, including $200 million for education programs. The measure includes: $60 million for the impact-aid program, $50 million for public libraries, $40 million for removal of architectural barriers to the handicapped, and $50 million for energy-conservation programs.

Vol. 02, Issue 38

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