Attorneys representing Grove City College have asked the U.S. Supreme Court to decide whether educational institutions must comply with federal laws barring sex discrimination in education if they receive no federal funds directly.
On Nov. 9 the college asked the Court to review the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit's decision last August in Grove City College v. Bell.
In that case, the appeals panel held that the whole college must comply with Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 because its students receive federal grants.
The college has argued that, following the logic in the Court's decision earlier in North Haven Board of Education v. Bell, only those "programs or activities" within an educational institution that receive federal monies directly must comply with the law. Since it receives no such aid, the college argues, it is exempt from the statute.
The Classroom Teachers of Dallas has voted to drop its lawsuit to block the reassignment of the city's teachers to accommodate 200 administrators who were demoted and returned to the classroom.
The teachers' organization filed the suit last spring, after Superintendent Linus Wright announced that teachers would be shifted to other teaching jobs to accommodate the administrators. (See Education Week, June 9, 1982.)
But since then, the displaced teachers have gotten their original jobs back, or have been given similar ones, thus causing the union to drop its suit.
Today's school superintendents are still "overwhelmingly white and male," but the American Association of School Administrators' 1982 survey of superintendents, to be published early next month, has identified significant shifts in the characteristics of the group.
Today's superintendents, unlike their predecessors:
Have more experience in jobs outside of education;
Reflect more experience in elementary schools;
Are less likely to have teaching experience in social studies and coaching athletics, and more likely to have teaching experience in mathematics, English, drama, and journalism;
Have slightly less overall classroom teaching experience.
The survey, conducted by Luvern L. Cunningham of Ohio State University, also found that a higher percentage of superintendents had left positions because of conflicts with school boards. (See Education Week, March 10, 1982.)
The report, The American School Superintendency, 1982, A Summary Report, is available for $8.95 from the American Association of School Administrators, 1801 North Moore St., Arlington, Va. 22209.
The U.S. Supreme Court has turned down a request to speed up its review of a lawsuit involving the nation's largest pension system for college faculty.
On Nov. 9, the Court, without comment, declined the motion filed by attorneys representing the Teachers Insurance Annuity Association-College Retirement Equities Fund. In doing so, however, the Court did not rule out the possibility of hearing the case, tiaa-cref v. Sprit, later this session.
The pension fund has asked the Court to overturn a lower court decision, which held that the fund discriminates against women because it uses sex-based actuarial tables in determining retirement benefits. Because those tables reflect that women, on the average, live longer than men, monthly payments to female retirees are smaller than those made to males.
Two federal appeals panels have rendered differing opinions on the legality of the sex-based payments. In September, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled in its opinion on the Sprit case that the use of the tables was discriminatory.
Several weeks later, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit upheld the legality of the tables' use in a similar lawsuit.
Vol. 02, Issue 12