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High-school seniors favor women's equality but want traditional marriages, according to this study of the students' attitudes toward sex, marriage, careers, family, and work. The findings are the result of a two-year research project, sponsored by the National Institute of Education, in which 16,000 seniors were questioned. Includes 72 tables explaining the researchers' findings. (See Education Week, Jan. 12, 1982).

Theory of Instruction: Principles and Applications, by Siegfried Englemann and Douglas Carnine (Irvington Publishers, Inc., 551 Fifth Ave., New York, N.Y. 10017; 393 pages, $29.95)

The authors explain the theory of teaching that underlies "direct instruction" or highly structured learning programs. Intended for people interested in instructional design and computer-assisted instruction, the book describes how such curricula are shaped. The direct-learning programs prescribe both the specific content and the organization of the content that students are to master. Proponents of the method claim that it dramatically improves student achievement.

A well-known example of this teaching system is distar, one of several instructional methods used in the federally funded Project Follow Through for disadvantaged children. distar (for Direct Instruction Systems for Teaching and Remediation) is used in teaching reading, language, and mathematics to elementary-school students and emphasizes classroom drills and daily sequential lessons. Mr. Carnine is director of the Direct Instruction Follow Through Project at the University of Oregon, and Mr. Englemann is special education professor at the university.

Guides and Directories

American Education: A Guide to Information Sources, edited by Richard G. Durnin (Gale Research Co., Book Tower, Detroit, Mich. 48226; 263 pages, $42).

This guide is a historical bibliography of works on the theory, practice, and organization of American schooling, from the elementary grades through higher education. The index is topical, and each entry includes an essay that explains recent developments and current themes in the topical area. Part of the publisher's American Studies Information Guide Series.

Cutting College Costs: A Parent's Guide, by Bruce Donald (E.P. Dutton, 2 Park Ave., New York, N.Y. 10016; 250 pages, paper $7.95).

Called the "up-to-the-minute manual," this guide provides information for parents and prospective college students on understanding recent changes in federal student-aid requirements, improving a student's eligibility for aid, applying for low-interest loans, choosing a college program on the basis of costs, and gauging the educational quality of public colleges and universities. The author includes a list of 20 "inexpensive" colleges with strong academic programs.

Gifted Children: A Guide for Parents and Teachers, by Virginia Z. Ehrlich (General Publishing Division, Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J. 07632; 207 pages, cloth $14.95, paper $6.95).

Designed for parents and teachers of gifted children at all levels of education, this guide suggests ways to eliminate problems common to gifted students and to foster an atmosphere conducive to learning. Among the topics the book covers are iq tests, home schooling, parent and teacher roles, career opportunities, and legislation.

Negotiating the Special Education Maze, by Winifred Anderson, Stephen Chitwood, and Deidre Hayden (General Publishing Division, Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J. 07632; 170 pages, $7.95).

A "step-by-step guide," this book is designed to help educators and parents become effective advocates for children in special-education programs. The authors discuss planning a handicapped child's educational program, dealing with school records and program-eligibility requirements, and monitoring students' progress and schools' actions.

Revising: New Essays for Teachers of Writing, edited by Ronald A. Sudol (National Council of Teachers of English, 1111 Kenyon Road, Urbana, Ill. 61801; 187 pages, $8.75, $7.50 for NCTE members).

The revision process is "an exercise in critical thinking to induce fresh discovery," according to the authors of this guide for high-school and college writing teachers. Sixteen essays by writing specialists address the teacher's role in helping students revise their writing, the benefits of various methods of revision, and other issues. Includes an annotated bibliography on revision literature.

Other Resources

Getting Started in Global Education: A Primer for Principals and Teachers, by H. Thomas Collins and Sally Banks Zakariya (National Association of Elementary School Principals, 1801 North Moore St., Arlington, Va. 22209; 25 pages, paper $4.00.)

Twelve writers explore the importance of helping students understand the world community and the interdependence of its inhabitants. The essays cover such topics as: ways to make children aware of the world around them, the goals of global education, and guidelines for teachers and principals interested in incorporating the information into the curriculum.

Learning Through Dramatics: Ideas for Teachers and Librarians, edited by Nancy Hanks Brizendine and James L. Thomas (Oryx Press, 2214 North Central at Encanto, Phoenix, Ariz. 85004; 232 pages, paper $18.50).

This book outlines ways in which elementary and high-school students can be taught languages, reading, social studies, science, and other subjects through drama. Forty-three contributors explore how teachers and librarians can use dramatics to increase students' motivation and interest in subject matter.

Panorama (Outreach, Pre-College Programs, MSSD Box 114PR, Gallaudet College, Kendall Green, Washington, D.C. 20002; pages, free)

This catalogue of instructional materials that have been adapted for hearing-impaired elementary- and secondary-school students was produced by Gallaudet College, the only liberal-arts college for the deaf. The booklet lists 119 products, including course guides, videotapes, captioned slides, workbooks, films, and publications on topics such as career education, mathematics, drama, and other areas. Also lists services available through Gallaudet's Pre-College Outreach program, including workshops and technical assistance on such subjects as parent education and curriculum development.

Thinking About Preventing Nuclear War (Ground Zero, 806 15th St., Washington, D.C. 20002; 24 pages, 50 cents per copy, 25 cents per copy if ordering 25 or more).

How might nuclear war occur? How can we prevent it from starting? These and other questions are posed in this booklet, an education project of Ground Zero, a nonprofit citizens' group established last year to promote nonpartisan discussion about nuclear armaments. Designed for use by teachers, parents, and others interested in participating in that discussion.

Anne Bridgman

Vol. 02, Issue 11

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