National News Roundup
The Supreme Court last week refused to review a lower-court ruling that established a rigorous standard of proof in sex-discrimination cases in education.
In doing so, the Justices let stand a ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit that said that intent to discriminate must be proven under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, the law barring sex discrimination in educational programs that receive federal funds.
In her 1975 suit against two medical schools, Geraldine Cannon argued that the schools' admissions policies, which discouraged applications from students over the age of 35 who lacked advanced degrees, were discriminatory. Since women are more likely to have interrupted their education to rear children, Ms. Cannon contended, the admissions policies had a "differential impact" on women.
But the appellate court's ruling, which the high court left intact, held that Ms. Cannon needed proof that the medical schools' policies were deliberately drawn up to discriminate against women.
Both schools--Northwestern University and the University of Chicago--have since changed their admissions policies.
James W. Guilinger, a vocational-agriculture teacher from Sycamore, Ill., was named the National Vocational Teacher of the Year recently by the American Vocational Association.
Mr. Guilinger, who has 30 years' teaching experience, is credited with building the vocational-agriculture program at Sycamore High School into one of the largest in Illinois and also one of the first in the state to enroll young women for training in non-traditional occupations.
Mr. Guilinger, who was honored during the ava annual convention in Atlanta, was selected from five regional winners. The regional semi-finalists in the competition were: Carroll L. Shry Jr., of Frederick, Md.; Kathleen M. Hires of Jessup, Ga.; Marilynn T. Johanson of Stephensville, Tex.; and Betty L. Stephenson of Brighton, Colo.
Arthur S. Flemming, recently ousted by President Reagan as chairman of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, has been named to direct a lobby formed to promote desegregated schooling.
The organization, the National Coalition for Quality Integrated Education, is a revival of a group that dis-Arthur S. Flemming banded in the late 1970's because it ran out of money. It counts among its 15 member-groups the American Federation of Teachers, the National Education Association, the National Council of Churches, and the Urban League.
The coalition, its leaders said, will attempt to combat moves by Congress and by the Reagan Administration to curtail busing by limiting the powers of federal courts and agencies responsible for enforcing civil-rights laws.
One goal of the group, Mr. Flemming said, is to show that many citizens who have first-hand experience with school desegregation have come to support it. "There is strong grass-roots support for translating the rhetoric of the Constitution into reality," he added.
Vol. 01, Issue 15