Data-Mining Faces New Privacy Rules
The Federal Trade Commission recently outlined new policies that seek to close loopholes that the agency says too often allow websites and online services to gather information improperly from students and turn it over to third parties for advertising purposes.
One significant change clarifies that the types of "personal information" that can't be culled without parents' approval include geolocation information, photos, and videos.
That restriction is important because those bits of personal information "could be used by those who would seek to cause physical harm to children," FTC Chairman Jon Leibowitz said in a statement.
The agency, which seeks to protect consumers and curb deceptive and anti-competitive practices, also modified the rules so that they apply to "persistent identifiers," that can reveal information about users over time and across different websites and services. Those identifiers include IP addresses and mobile device IDs, which can be used to build "massive profiles of children by behavioral marketers," Leibowitz says.
"[L]et's be honest: Some companies, especially some ad networks, have an insatiable desire to collect information, even from kids," Leibowitz adds. "Our children deserve better, and our great American technology companies understand that they can do better."
Another change, the FTC says, will close a loophole that allows apps and websites directed at children to permit third parties to collect personal information from children through plug-ins, without parents' permission.
The rules are based on the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998. That law gave the FTC the power to implement and periodically update rules pertaining to how the law is to be enforced. The newly approved amendments to the rules will go into effect on July 1, 2013.
The modified rules were approved a week after the FTC released a highly critical report arguing that mobile applications and entities throughout the technology industry often fail to prevent children's personal information from being gathered and turned over to third parties, without parents' knowledge.
Vol. 06, Issue 02, Page 46Published in Print: February 6, 2013, as Data-Mining Faces New Privacy Rules
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