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The federal government's flagship aid program for disadvantaged students, Title I is largest federal education program for elementary and secondary schools. The program has existed since the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, when the government first began to authorize formula grants to states and districts for education, and is now encompassed by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Funds under Title I are targeted to high-poverty schools and districts and used to provide educational services to students who are educationally disadvantaged or at risk of failing to meet state standards. With its billions in funding, Title I is the also federal government’s primary instrument for holding states, districts, and schools accountable for implementing standards-based education.