September 7, 1981

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Washington--Details of a tightly-guarded memorandum on the future of the U.S. Education Department--sent to the White House early last month by Secretary of Education Terrel H. Bell--offer a precise blueprint not only for downgrading the year-old department to the status of a sub-Cabinet-level foundation, but also for engineering a fundamental realignment of the federal role in American education.
In East Baton Rouge Parish, La., in the home state of an antibusing stalwart, U. S. Senator Bennett Johnston, approximately 13,000 students rode buses last Monday to the district's 67 newly desegregated elementary schools.
The pros and cons of minimum-competency testing will be debated in a four-part weekly television series to be aired over PBS stations beginning Sept. 17.
There are probably more private schools than official records indicate, they have probably been growing at a faster rate than estimated, and most of that growth has been accounted for by small fundamentalist Christian academies.
Ten years after the first major national report on the effects of television violence, its author says the influence of television on children is now so pervasive that "the critical question is no longer, should something be done, but what that something should be."
Just as the Reagan Administration is moving to transfer more responsibility for education to the states, a soon-to-be-released study suggests that state legislators may be losing interest in making education policy.
Ohio Governor James Rhodes, a Republican who built his political reputation on keeping his state's taxes among the lowest in the country, says he will support a tax increase for 1982 if it is the only way to maintain the current quality of public schools and universities.
The Chicago schools will open this week after all, on a $1.8-billion budget wrestled into balance with a variety of budget cuts, onetime revenues, and the power of the mayor's office. The district, which is forbidden by state law to open its schools without a balanced budget, passed the last major obstacle Wednesday, when the finance authority approved its spending plan for this school year.
Two officials of the Cleveland public-school system were jailed briefly last week for holding up the paychecks of some 30 employees in the system's desegregation department.
Despite six months of unrelenting criticism, including three days of private grillings in late July by some of the nation's top statisticians and education researchers, sociologist James S. Coleman says he stands by his contention that in general private high schools do a better job of educating students regardless of their backgrounds than do public schools.
More than any other scholar--and perhaps more, even, than any one public official--James S. Coleman has influenced the policies that have changed America's schools over the past two turbulent decades.
Washington--The question of how effective the nation's schools and colleges are--a topic currently debated among education researchers--will also be looked into over the next year and a half by a blue-ribbon panel appointed by President Ronald Reagan.

The 18-member National Commission on Excellence in Education, chaired by David P. Gardner, president of the University of Utah, will recommend ways to improve the achievement of American students. But, predicted Education Secretary Terrel H. Bell last month in announcing establishment of the commission, the group's recommendations will include neither increased federal spending nor the development of national standards of educational achievement.

Washington--The Reagan Administration announced last week that it will seek an additional $13 billion in 1982 budget cuts, including $2.65 billion in education reductions, beyond those agreed to by Congress during the budget-authorization process in July.
The legislative report for this week.
Following are excerpts of a memorandum recommending changes in both the structure and philosophy of the federal involvement in American education. The document was sent last month by Education Secretary Terrel H. Bell to the White House for review and reactions.
Barring an unexpected--and unlikely--resolution to the city's financial crisis, about 13,000 Philadelphia teachers will be out on strike as of Sept. 8. In a Sept. 1 vote, union members reaffirmed the leadership's right to call a strike as necessary.
In a year of budget-cutting, financial crisis, and reductions in teaching positions for school systems across the nation, the rituals of collective bargaining pose new dilemmas.
Philadelphia--The National Teacher Examination, taken by nearly half of last year's prospective teachers, will undergo a major revision intended to counter charges of cultural bias. The revisions, which will take effect in November 1982, could make the test more difficult and encourage more testing of teacher candidates at a time when an increasing number of states are using competency tests as a criterion for teacher certification.
Not nearly as many teachers will be out of jobs this fall as some earlier estimates indicated, but declining enrollments and local budget constraints are taking a toll on the work force in some parts of the country.
After being deemed "unacceptable" for the past six years by the Mississippi Textbook Purchasing Board, but "acceptable" by a federal court last year, a controversial textbook on the history of the state is finally finding its way into Mississippi's ninth grade classrooms.
Under mounting pressure to make do with fewer dollars while simultaneously improving quality, most superintendents and school boards have been desperately searching for the least painful ways to reduce spending.
NEW YORK--Bassam Z. Shakhashiri was demonstrating how to conduct a lab demonstration. His audience was a ballroom-full of high school chemistry teachers, who were attending the American Chemical Society's (A.C.S.) High School Chemistry Day.
Following are the recommendations of Limiting What Students Shall Read: Books and Other Learning Materials in Our Public Schools, How They are Selected and How They Are Removed. The report is based on a survey of school officials conducted by the the Association of American Publishers, the American Library Association, and the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Washington--Written policies governing the selection and review of books and other learning materials may help school systems resolve conflicts over those materials without restricting what students may read.
High school graduates of the class of 1980 were significantly more interested in making money and less concerned about working to correct social and economic injustices than their 1972 counterparts, according to a recently released survey by the National Center for Education Statistics (N.C.E.S.)
There is a game of educational pinball currently being played in the schools of Massachusetts and, I suspect, elsewhere, that in the long run will be more detrimental to education than any financial burdens imposed by such tax-limitation measures as Massachusetts' Proposition 2.
Robert D. Barr, director of teacher education and extended services in the school of education at Indiana University at Bloomington, to dean of the school of education at Oregon State University, effective Jan. 2, 1982.

A. Richard Belding, business manager and director of development at Trinity School, Midland, Tex., to business manager and director of business services at the National Association of Independent Schools.

What is it about the scholarship of James Coleman that so often makes him the target of calumny, denunciation, and unprofessorial mudslinging by his fellow social scientists, even as he is lionized in the popular press, asked to speak to distinguished gatherings, and invited to testify before Congressional committees?

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