grown to 120 classrooms since it was created in the mid-1970's.
Bilingual education faces an uncertain future in California. While the state can claim some of the nation's most successful bilingual-education programs, it has also produced some of the best-organized opponents of bilingualism.
But in the United States today, few bilingual programs strive to develop lasting bilingualism. Federal policy prescribes transitional bilingual education--a remedial, rather than an enrichment, model. Continuing native-language instruction beyond the point at which children become proficient in English is controversial--even in California, where state law allows for maintenance programs.
By the late 17th century, at least 18 different tongues were spoken by European ethnic groups, not to mention the scores spoken by Indian tribes. While English was most prevalent, German, Dutch, French, Swedish, and Polish were also common.
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