As Education Week marks its 20th anniversary, here are some of the people, events, and issues that were making news 20 years ago.
Selected stories from March 3, 1982:
Desegregation Outcomes: Mandatory desegregation plans are more effective in reducing the racial isolation of schools than are voluntary measures, concludes a Vanderbilt University study.
Researchers evaluated desegregation plans in 49 large districts. In those with mandatory student-assignment plans, they found that individual schools were more likely to reflect the racial makeup of the district as a whole.
Creationism Contested: The South Dakota Supreme Court upholds the firing of a teacher accused of spending too much time teaching the biblical account of creation.
The Lemon, S.D., school board dismissed Lloyd Dale, a biology teacher who also preaches in a Baptist church, after deciding his students were not learning enough biology. "He wanted to be a preacher, not a teacher," one justice writes.
Scrapping the News: Union City, N.J., school officials order district schools to stop participating in Newspapers in Education, a nationwide program in which local publications are used to help teach current events.
School board President Genevieve Ghignone says the two local papers "had no items of educational value."
But supporters of the NIE program claim some officials wanted the papers banned because of their reporting of federal racketeering charges against the city's mayor, a former school board president.
On Probation: Virginia's lower legislative chamber passes a bill that would require new teachers to complete a two-year probationary period to earn permanent certification.
By its action, the House of Delegates overrules a recent state school board decision to retain the current system of awarding a permanent license to any education school graduate.
Regulating Religious Schools: A Nebraska minister is jailed for continuing to operate a religious school that the state had ordered shut down because it had not been accredited and its teachers lacked certification.
The Rev. Everett Sileven, the director of the Faith Christian Baptist School in Louisville, Neb., argues that the state has no right to regulate what he views as an extension of his ministry.
Falling Behind: Mathematics and science education must be improved if the United States is to avoid being left behind in the development of new technologies, concludes a task force of the National Governors Association.
Some members of the task force, charged with finding ways singled out inadequate teacher training as a major factor.
Superintendent Deal Nixed: Ohio's schools chief vetoes an agreement the Cleveland school board made to buy out the contract of the district's superintendent.
Under the plan, Superintendent Peter B. Carlin would have kept his $50,000 annual salary to become the assistant to the school board president and a new superintendent would have been hired.
But Franklin B. Walter, the state superintendent of public instruction, says he cannot agree to the proposal because the school district, whose finances are under state control, is already staggered by debt.
Vol. 21, Issue 24, Page 6