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Decades of Desegregation

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Students: 43,000; 58 percent African-American.

The U.S. Department of Justice in 1968 sued the district.

Resolution: A federal judge on June 22 approved a settlement that will phase out a city-to-suburb busing plan over 18 years. The settlement includes a commitment by the Indianapolis Housing Agency to steps designed to increase the number of low-income and minority families who can find suburban housing--a rare attempt to attack residential segregation within a school desegregation settlement.

Nashville, Tenn.

Students: 71,000; 43 percent African-American.

Desegregation history: In 1955, a group of black plaintiffs sued the Nashville school district.

Resolution: A combined city-county council on June 23 approved a spending plan that will pay for $206.8 million in school construction over five years to reduce cross-town busing. Among other items, the plan calls for 15 new elementary and middle schools, additions to seven middle schools, and renovations at 11 elementary schools.

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