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Fourth Grade Performance and Expectations

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Average Achievement
Average Achievement
Singapore 625
Korea 611
Japan 597
Hong Kong 587
Netherlands 577
Czech Republic 567
Austria 559
Slovenia 552
Ireland 550
Hungary 548
Australia 546
United States 545
Canada 532
Israel 531
Latvia (LSS)* 525
Scotland 520
England 513
Cyprus 502
Norway 502
New Zealand 499
Greece 492
Thailand 490
Portugal 475
Iceland 474
Iran, Islamic Republic 429
Kuwait 400
International average 529
Korea 597
Japan 574
United States 565
Austria 565
Australia 562
Netherlands 557
Czech Republic 557
England 551
Canada 549
Singapore 547
Slovenia 546
Ireland 539
Scotland 536
Hong Kong 533
Hungary 532
New Zealand 531
Norway 530
Latvia (LSS)* 512
Israel 505
Iceland 506
Greece 497
Portugal 480
Cyprus 475
Thailand 473
Iran, Islamic Republic 416
Kuwait 401
International average 524

Countries shown in italics did not satisfy one or more guidelines for sample participation rates, age/grade specifications, or classroom sampling procedures.
* Latvian-speaking schools.

Copies of "Pursuing Excellence: A Study of U.S. Fourth Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement in International Context'' are available at no charge from the Department of Education, NCES TIMSS Customer Service Line, (202) 219-1333. The report is also available on the World Wide Web at

Copies of the math and science international TIMSS reports are available for $20 each from TIMSS International Study Center, Center for the Study of Testing, Evaluation, and Educational Policy, Campion Hall, Room 323, School of Education, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Mass. 02167; (617) 552-4521; by fax (617) 552-8419; and by e-mail at It can also be downloaded from

SOURCE: Third International Mathematics and Science Study.

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