The following are summaries of final action by legislatures on education-related matters.
Governor: Pete Wilson (R)
FY 1994 state budget: $38.5 billion
FY 1994 K-12 budget: $14.3 billion
FY 1993 K-12 budget: $16.1 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: -11.2 percent
- Decline in state funding for K-12 education was offset by a rise
in local property taxes shifted to the state.
- Overall K-12 funding from local, state, and federal sources will
rise from $27.7 billion in fiscal 1993 to $28.3 billion in fiscal
- Per-pupil aid to school districts is expected to decline slightly, from $4,209 in 1992-93 to $4,187 in 1993-94.
Governor: Evan Bayh (D)
FY 1994-95 state budget: $15.95 billion
FY 1994-95 K-12 budget: $5.55 billion
FY 1992-93 K-12 budget: $5.25 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +5.5 percent
- Budget increases basic school aid by 3.3 percent in calendar
years 1994 and 1995.
8 Includes revision in school-funding formula, to be phased in over six years, aimed at equalizing tax rates and school spending across districts.
- Delays until the 1995-96 school year implementation of a revamped statewide testing program approved in 1992 that will focus on assessing students' application of skills and problem-solving abilities.
Governor: John R. McKernan Jr. (R)
FY 1994 state budget: $1.6 billion
FY 1994 K-12 budget: $519.8 million
FY 1993 K-12 budget: $516.2 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +0.7 percent
- Legislature placed a 5 percent cap on any increase in the annual
recommended funding level for state subsidy to local
- Lawmakers also set aside $3.9 million in incentives for schools
with school-to-work, youth-apprenticeship, and new technology
- A task force created by the state board of education is working to develop long-range educational goals and set standards for school and student performance.
Governor: Arne H. Carlson (R)
FY 1994-95 state budget: $16.5 billion
FY 1994-95 K-12 budget: $5.2 billion
FY 1993-94 K-12 budget: $4.4 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +18.2 percent
- Budget includes increased funding to reduce class sizes, with a
goal of one teacher for every 17 students in grades K-6.
- As part of a move to a more equitable school-finance system,
steps were taken to reduce the amount of funds school districts can
raise through local levy referendums. The referendums will be
prohibited altogether by 1997.
- Per-pupil funds to districts were also redistributed to promote
- Legislature added $10 million for effort to move to an
outcomes-based education system and reduced the number of mandates on
- Also increased the limit on the number of charter schools from eight to 20 and created three "change oriented'' districts that, like charter schools, would be allowed to operate free from most state mandates.
Governor: George V. Voinovich (R)
FY 1994 state budget: $14.9 billion
FY 1994 K-12 budget: $3.81 billion
FY 1993 K-12 budget: $3.64 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +4.7 percent
- Legislature increased state equity fund, a program aimed at
increasing state support for poor school districts, from $43 million
in fiscal 1993 to $60 million in 1994 and $75 million in
- Budget includes increased funding for state Head Start and local building-assistance programs and creates a model school-improvement program that will distribute $8.7 million to individual schools based on their improvement plans.
Governor: David Walters (D)
FY 1994 state budget: $4.58 billion
FY 1994 K-12 budget: $1.36 billion
FY 1993 K-12 budget: $1.28 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +6.3 percent
- Legislature was able to fully fund the fourth year of a five-year
education- and tax-reform package passed in 1990, despite overly
optimistic projections made previously about the amount of revenue
the law's tax provisions would generate. Legislators approved a dip
into the cash-flow reserve fund for $27.6 million, a transfer of $9
million from the state tax commission, and a 10 percent budget cut
for state agencies, boards, and commissions.
- Lawmakers also approved and put on the ballot for next February a measure that would keep regular school millages in effect without annual elections by local voters. The proposal would give local school boards authority over millage assessments.
Governor: Robert P. Casey (D)
FY 1994-95 state budget: $15 billion
FY 1994-95 K-12 budget: $5.1 billion
FY 1993-94 K-12 budget: $4.9 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +4 percent
- Poorer school districts received a $130 million increase in state
aid, while aid remained frozen for other districts.
- Legislature released additional funding for special education
and, against the Governor's recommendation, agreed to continue
funding private schools that serve special-education
- Governor and legislative panel approved, and state board of education accepted, changes in board's controversial proposal for an outcomes-based education system.
Governor: Howard Dean (D)
FY 1994 state budget: $657.7 million
FY 1994 K-12 budget: $209.4 million
FY 1993 K-12 budget: $212.5 million
Percent change K-12 budget: -1.5 percent
- K-12 budget cut as part of effort to reduce projected deficit of
$26.7 million in general fund.
- All education-policy bills, including proposals for a statewide property tax and teacher contract, reduction in the number of school districts, and mainstreaming of special-education students, tabled until second half of legislative session next January. Two legislative committees and one independent accounting staff set up to work on property-tax-reform proposals. co skg
Governor: Gaston Caperton (D)
FY 1994 state budget: $2.1 billion
FY 1994 K-12 budget: $1.19 billion
FY 1993 K-12 budget: $1.18 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +0.8 percent
- Governor signed bill giving all K-12 teachers planning time
during instructional day.
- Measure also strengthens school boards' duty to communicate with
local school-improvement councils and faculty senates.
- Lawmakers also approved a bill requiring teacher reductions based
solely on seniority, which overturned court ruling calling for staff
reductions based on both qualifications and seniority.
- $3 million in state lottery funds approved for expansion of computer-basic-skills program to the 3rd and 4th grades.