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To prevent massive layoffs throughout the district, New York City's public-school teachers and paraprofessionals have agreed to a 1 percent to 1.5 percent wage deferral.

In its largest turnout for a vote ever, the United Federation of Teachers last week voted 47,277 to 25,747 to approve the accord struck by union leaders and Schools Chancellor Joseph A. Fernandez, according to Susan Amlung, a spokesman for the u.f.t. (See Education Week, Feb. 6, 1991.)

The New York City Board of Education was scheduled to vote on the pact late last week, a spokesman said.

Some 3,500 teachers and paraprofessionals had faced layoffs beginning Feb. 1 as district officials sought to satisfy a $90-million budget cut ordered by the city.

In the spring, teachers will have a total of $465 to $590 withheld across 10 pay periods; $175 to $200 will be deducted from paraprofessionals' checks. Under the agreement, the money is to be repaid in 1995 and 1996.

A federal district judge has rejected the state of Missouri's effort to force the Kansas City school board to increase property taxes to pay for desegregation costs now borne by the state.

In filing the tax-increase request last October, the state had contended that it had paid some $113 million in desegregation expenses for the Kansas City schools and that it was time for the district to meet its own desegregation costs.

School officials and plaintiffs in the dis6trict's longstanding desegregation case had responded that increasing taxes in the school district would only encourage residents to abandon the city for the suburbs.

U.S. District Judge Russell G. Clark, who has been overseeing the case, ruled against the state late last month.

Under the state's proposal, local property taxes could have increased by about 125 percent, from $4.96 to $11.16 per $100 of assessed value.

In a vote last August, the Kansas City school board adopted the $4.96 rate, replacing a rate of $4 per $100 of assessed value.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in April 1990 that a federal judge may direct a school district to raise taxes to pay for desegregation efforts. (See Education Week, April 25, 1990.)

An elementary school in College Park, Ga., has become the first school in the state to adopt a year-round schedule.

In a vote late last month, 88 percent of the students' parents voted in favor of the plan, which needed an 80 percent majority vote to be implemented, according to Gayle Littlefield, an instructional resource teacher at the school.

The measure narrowly failed in a vote last December. (See Education Week, Jan. 23, 1990.)

Teachers and parents will next meet to discuss the calendar, which will include four quarters separated by three-week breaks and a six-week summer vacation, and hope to send a plan to the state at the end this month. This school year ends on June 7, and the year-round calendar is tentatively scheduled to start around July 15.

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