Howard Gardner, a developmental psychologist and professor of education at Harvard University's Graduate School of Education, is the first American to receive the $150,000 University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award in Education.
Mr. Gardner won the award for his work in developing a theory of multiple intelligences.
In his 1983 book Frames of Mind, Mr. Gardner proposed that human intelligence has been too narrowly defined. He identified seven kinds of intelligence: linguistic, musical, logical-mathematical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, and interpersonal and intrapersonal abilities.
He is co-director of Harvard's Project Zero, a research consortium studying the development and deployment of the range of human intellectual abilities.
John A. Murphy, superintendent of the Prince George's County, Md., school system, has said he hopes to have a new contract negotiated soon.
Mr. Murphy was at the center of controversy recently when he was offered an eight-year contract that included a $45,000 raise. Local black leaders protested that they had not been involved in the decision; 65 percent of students in the district are black.
Mr. Murphy recently took himself out of the running for the post of New Jersey commissioner of education.