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Legislative Update

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The following are summaries of governors' budget requests for precollegiate education and final action by legislatures on education-related matters.

Governors' Proposals

ILLINOIS

Governor: James R. Thompson (R)

FY 1991 proposed state budget: $12.5 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $3.07 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $2.99 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +2.7 percent

Highlights:

Governor saying that the schools will get a smaller funding rise this year than the $470-million increase provided last year, which was partly funded by a two-year income-tax hike.

Recommending that funding for per-pupil aid, reform initiatives, and mandated categorical programs remain "at least" at this year's levels.

Also seeking expansion of drug initiative and mathematics and science programs begun last year, and of five-year evaluation of 1985 reform law.

NEW JERSEY

Governor: James J. Florio (D)

FY 1991 proposed state budget: $12.1 billion
FY 1991 proposed K-12 budget: $3.7 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $3.3 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +12.1 percent

Highlights:

Governor will propose new state funding formula that will set a base level of school aid.

Also seeking $600 million for construction and rehabilitation of schools into community centers; redesign of the state school-district certification process; $5 million for "Goodstart" early-childhood, health, and child-care programs; and $1 million, to be matched by private funds, to promote mathematics and science education.

TEXAS

Governor: William P. Clements Jr. (R)

FY 1990-91 state budget: $28 billion
FY 1990-91 K-12 budget: $10.5 billion

Highlights:

Legislature under court order to revamp the state's school-finance system; funding for schools may increase as a result of changes.

Court order requires Governor and legislature to give final approval to formula changes by May 1.

School districts currently facing a $110-million deficit due to increased enrollment and declining property-tax revenues, according to state board of education.

Final Action

INDIANA

Governor: Evan Bayh (D)

FY 1990-91 state budget: $11.3 billion
FY 1990-91 K-12 budget: $4.8 billion
K-12 change for FY 91: +$25.4 million

Highlights:

New spending approved by legislature includes $9.5 million for a bipartisan education-reform bill that provides funds for classroom technology; pilot preschool, latchkey, and parent-education programs; pilot programs in site-based management of schools; research on achievement-test improvement; workplace-literacy programs; and drug education.

Also appropriates $9.5 million for a 1.3 percent rise in basic school aid, and $6.4 million for teacher raises in Project Primetime, which offers smaller classes in the early grades.

Requires school districts to submit plans to provide or arrange for the provision of after-school programs for "latchkey" children.

SOUTH DAKOTA

Governor: George S. Mickelson (R)

FY 1991 state budget: $481.4 million
FY 1991 K-12 budget: $142.4 million
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $126 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +13.1 percent

Highlights:

Education-reform package approved by legislature redistributes $16.8-million revenue windfall to school districts; includes $9.7 million to increase salaries of teachers by about $1,100 each.

Budget includes additional funding for special education, secondary and postsecondary vocational education, and dropout prevention, and redistributes $800,000 in grant funds to districts experiencing rapid enrollment growth.

Reform package allows high-school juniors and seniors to receive credit for courses taken at colleges and universities at own cost.

Governor signed measure banning corporal punishment but allowing physical force to control unruly students.

UTAH

Governor: Norman H. Bangerter (R)

FY 1991 state budget: $3.2 billion
FY 1991 K-12 budget: $1.17 billion
FY 1990 K-12 budget: $1.09 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +7.3 percent

Highlights:

Teachers dropped plans for statewide strike after accepting pay package that includes $1,000 net raise, plus increase in state aid to districts for salary increases.

Legislature passed measure allowing school boards to raise property taxes by up to 2 mills to fund reduction of class sizes; also approved $10-million one-time allocation for textbooks and supplies and resolution calling on Governor and legislature to undertake long-term planning on education.

VIRGINIA

Governor: L. Douglas Wilder (D)

FY 1991-92 state budget: $25.8 billion
FY 1991-92 K-12 budget: $4.56 billion
FY 1989-90 K-12 budget: $4.2 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +8.6 percent

Highlights:

Biennial budget includes 5 percent raises for teachers in first year; teachers may receive raises from contingency fund in second year.

Allocates $19.42 million over two years for comprehensive dropout-prevention program.

Legislature defeated bill that would have put constitutional referendum before voters on issue of binding arbitration for teachers in grievance disputes; also rejected bills to overturn state's family-life-education program, and to require school authorities to be notified of students infected with h.i.v.

Agreed to study allowing private and parochial schools to contract to use public-school buses.

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