Research And Reports
Americans who give to education tend to do so relatively generously, a survey conducted for the Independent Sector indicates.
The umbrella group for charitable organizations found that households that gave to education in 1987 averaged a donation of $293--more than the comparable figure for any other area except religion, which received an average household contribution of $715.
On the other hand, only 15 percent of households reported giving to elementary, secondary, or higher education last year. Larger percentages said they had contributed to religious, health, human-services, and youth-development causes.
Copies of the report, "Giving and Volunteering in the United States," are available for $10 (summary) or $25 (full report) from the Independent Sector, 1828 L St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036.
Americans must master 13 "basic" skills in addition to the traditional "three R's" to compete in the workforce, according to a study by the American Society for Training and Development.
"The new worker will be expected to have a set of skills that were previously required only of supervisors and management," according to Anthony P. Carnevale, chief economist and vice president for national affairs at the astd
The skills sought by employers, the study said, include knowing how to learn, problem-solving, negotiation, and leadership.
The most effective way for employers to teach these skills is"to relate them directly to workers' jobs," the study said.
Copies of the study, "Workplace Basics: The Skills Employers Want," are available for $2 each from the astd, 1630 Duke Street, P.O. Box 1443, Department T, Alexandria, Va. 22313.