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The number of young people receiving remedial-education services under the Summer Youth Employment and Training program last year was more than double the level of 1986, according to a study by the General Accounting Office.

The increase came in response to a 1986 law requiring local summer programs for disadvantaged youths to include assessment of educational deficiencies and remedial assistance along with work experience.

The number of youths provided remedial education increased from 55,000 in 1986 to 112,000 in 1987, while spending for remediation expanded from $37 million to $64 million, the Congressional watchdog agency reported.

Although every program surveyed provided some remediation, the number of youths served and the intensity of effort varied greatly, the report said. Most programs plan further expansion of their remedial component.

The report noted that the effectiveness of remediation in summer youth programs is unproven. It suggested that the Labor Department evaluate the programs, using standardized achievement tests.

Gary L. Bauer has left his post as President Reagan's top adviser on domestic issues to join a conservative think tank.

Mr. Bauer has been replaced at the White House by Franmarie Kennedy-Keel, who was his aide when he was undersecretary of education.

A vigorous proponent of tough anti-abortion measures, Mr. Bauer was named president of the Family Research Council.

Mr. Bauer began his service with the Reagan Administration as a policy analyst in the White House. He joined the Education Department in 1982, and was named undersecretary in 1985 by former Secretary William J. Bennett. Early in 1987, he returned to the White House as domestic-policy adviser.

Ms. Kennedy-Keel served as Mr. Bauer's chief assistant and research coordinator.

The Education Department needs disciplinary guidelines to ensure equal treatment for all employees, according to a report by the House Governmental Operations Committee.

The department has a "double standard," the report charges, because it penalizes low-level employees more harshly than high-level political appointees.

It refers frequently to the case of Madeleine Will, assistant secretary for special education and rehabilitation, who was reprimanded by the department after having been found to have continued paying an aide who no longer worked for her.

The Office of the Inspector General does not always exhaust all relevant leads before closing its investigations, the report said. It recommended that the office study its criteria for closing investigations and reform its policies.

In dissenting views, 10 Republican members of the committee said that comparisons between such cases are not fair. "What may appear to be an inappropriate penalty to a third party may in actual fact be a fair and reasonable action to those who have worked closely on the case," said the dissenters.

The National Center for Education Statistics has released its annual compendium of educational data.

The 1988 Digest of Education Statistics covers such areas as enrollments, finances, employment, federal programs, international education, and the characteristics of students, teachers, and graduates. It includes information on all levels of education.

Copies of the volume (stock number 065-000-00351-1) are available for $19 each from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.

Jay Moskowitz has been named acting director of the new National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders.

Mr. Moskowitz, an associate director of the National Institutes of Health, indicated that he will serve as acting director until an internationally recognized authority on communications disorders can be named as permanent director.

He said he was not a candidate for the job because his background has been in biomedical science. He will continue as the n.i.h.'s associate director for science policy and legislation.

The legislation creating the institute was approved last month by the Congress and President Reagan.

Michael S. Dukakis pledged last week to spend $400 million annually to rid schools of drugs if elected President on Nov. 8.

The amount proposed by the Democratic Governor of Massachusetts would represent an increase of about 60 percent over the level of funding for drug-education programs included in an anti-drug bill passed by the Congress last month.

Mr. Dukakis said that about $335 million would be used to expand existing school-based programs. The remainder would be distributed in the form of matching grants to communities for dropout- and gang-prevention activities.

A group of states, cities, and civic organizations filed a federal lawsuit in Brooklyn last week seeking to force the Commerce Department to adjust the results of the 1990 census to account for people inadvertently missed.

If successful, the suit would affect the allocation of population-based federal aid in a broad range of areas, including education. The plaintiffs, which include New York State, New York City, and California, contend that the Census Bureau was prepared to adjust the 1990 statistics to compensate for undercounting, especially of minorities, but that it was overruled last year by the department.

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