Research and Reports
A report released last week by an independent researcher argues that there is no teacher shortage in the United States, and that projections that one is on the horizon are unfounded.
The researcher, C. Emily Feistritzer, director of the National Center for Education Information, said her conclusions were based on surveys conducted this summer of teacher-certification offices in all 50 states; 75 school districts across the country, including 14 of the 15 that enroll 100,000 students or more; and 1,054 individuals who were looking for teaching jobs.
Of the districts polled, all but eight said they expected to be able to fill their vacancies for regular classroom teachers by the beginning of the school year. Seven districts said they would have "difficulty" hiring enough fully trained bilingual and special-education teachers.
The report did not specify how many of those individuals hired by the districts to fill regular classroom vacancies were fully trained and licensed.
Copies of the report, "Teacher Supply and Demand Surveys 1988" are available for $10.50 each from the National Center for Education Information, 4401A Connecticut Ave., N.W., #212, Washington, D.C. 20008.
A comprehensive guide to aids educational materials has been released by the New York-based American Foundation for aids Research.
The catalog contains information on more than 1,000 pamphlets, videotapes,posters, and manuals about the disease. Materials are organized according to the specific audiences--including students and educators--to which they are geared.
Listings include a description of each educational item and, in many cases, a review of its accuracy and effectiveness by a panel of aids experts.
The guide is available from the foundation for $10, by calling 1-800-992-2873.
In the current reform climate, school boards can play a key part by fostering better communication between administrators and teachers, according to a report by the National School Boards Association.
The report outlines four communications methods, such as alternative negotiating techniques and decentralized decision-making, that school boards can use to develop collegial relationships with employees.
"Communicating Change" is available for $20.00 from the National School Boards Association, 1680 Duke St., Alexandria, Va. 22314.
Dropout-prevention programs frequently shortchange the needs of pregnant and parenting teenagers, a new survey of school administrators inel10lnine cities concludes.
The survey, completed by the Support Center for Education Equity for Young Mothers of the Academy for Educational Development in New York City, found that most of the school administrators surveyed did not know how many teenagers in their district were pregnant or had children, or what percent of their female dropouts were parents. The survey also found that there were more school-based services available to pregnant teenagers than to young mothers.
Preschool enrollments rose by 25 percent between 1981 and 1986, according to a new Census Bureau report.
The number of children in pre-primary schools rose from 5.2 milion to 6.5 million during that time, while the number of students in elementary and secondary schools fell by 1.4 million.
Those figures--and a vast array of statistics on the racial and economic characteristics of students at all levels--are contained in the bureau's report, "School Enrollment--Social and Economic Characteristics of Students: October 1986."
Copies of the report (Series P-20, No. 429) are available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.