The following are summaries of final action by legislatures on education-related matters.
Governor: Rose Mofford (D)
FY 1989 state budget: $2.79 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $1.09 billion
FY 1988 K-12 budget: $1.06 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +3 percent
- Defeated a statewide open-enrollment proposal.
- Modified statewide testing programs for 1st and 12th graders.
- Required state board to make a statewide "no pass, no play'' rule.
- Adopted three measures for "at risk'' children: a $3-million program for pupils in kindergarten through 3rd grade; a $1.5-million dropout-prevention program; and a $100,000 loan-forgiveness program for prospective teachers who agree to work in districts with a large number of disadvantaged students.
- Closed a tax loophole that allowed residents of retirement communities to avoid paying school taxes.
Governor: Michael N. Castle (R)
FY 1989 state budget: $1.04 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $357 million
FY 1988 K-12 budget: $330 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +8 percent
- Adopted an indexed salary scale that raises first-year teachers' salaries by $390, and increases the salaries of experienced teachers by as much as $1,800 a year. Teachers can expect an average raise of 5.7 percent.
- Defeated a measure that would have prohibited corporal punishment in public schools.
- Allocated $598,870 for asbestos inspections and removal.
Governor: James R. Thompson (R)
FY 1989 state budget: $11 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $2.53 billion
FY 1988 K-12 budget: $2.42 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +5 percent
- Adopted a sweeping package of reforms for the Chicago school system.
- $52.5-million increase in general operating aid to districts.
- $27 million for reforms mandated in 1985. Bulk is earmarked for early-childhood education.
- $3.5-million increase for educational alternatives for potential dropouts. Also expanded a dropout-prevention program modeled on Chicago's Beethoven project to four other communities.
- $2-million increase for the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy. Shifted funding for school in future years to higher-education budget.
- Required state board to administer a pilot program designed to train parents to prepare preschool children for success in school. Encouraged districts to seek private funding.
Governor: Buddy Roemer (D)
FY 1989 state budget: $8.03 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $1.46 billion
FY 1988 K-12 budget: $1.31 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +11 percent
- Adopted omnibus education bill that raises teachers' salaries, provides teachers with extra pay for extra work, abolishes lifetime certification for new teachers.
- Approved measure drastically revising state school-aid formula.
- Rejected bills to: abolish the state board of elementary and secondary education; allow sex education in elementary schools; require students to earn better than a D average to graduate from high school.
Governor: James G. Martin (R)
FY 1989 state budget: $6.3 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $2.89 billion
FY 1988 K-12 budget: $2.76 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: +5 percent
- Approved a bill giving the superintendent of instruction authority over the education department's controller, who currently reports to the state board of education.
- Prohibited districts from using standardized tests for 1st and 2nd graders, and directed state board to provide districts with alternative assessment instruments.
- Tightened regulation of home schooling.
- Appropriated $110.7 million to raise teachers' salaries by 4.5 percent; $18.8 million to hire adult replacements for 17-year-old school-bus drivers; $4.2 million for before- and after-school programs for latchkey children; $3 million for programs for academically gifted students; and $323,000 for drug education.
Governor: Arch Moore Jr. (R)
FY 1989 state budget: $1.5 Billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $705 Million
FY 1988 K-12 budget:$717 Million
Percent change K-12 budget:-2 percent
- Adopted massive school-reform bill that permits state
intervention in substandard districts; establishes new statewide
testing program; denies driving privileges to dropouts; allows
parents to buy tax-free bonds to save for children's college