The following are summaries of governors' budget requests for precollegiate education and final action by legislatures on education-related matters.
Governor: Buddy E. Roemer (D)
FY 1989 state budget: $7.7 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $1.07 billion
FY 1988 K-12 budget: $1.3 billion
Percent change K-12 budget: -18 percent
- Proposes new school-aid formula that would require districts to pick up cost of items including student transportation, school utilities and maintenance, and insurance and retirement payments for non-instructional employees. With money saved, state could raise teacher pay 5 percent and buy new textbooks.
Governor: Steve Cowper (D)
FY 1989 state budget: $1.97 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $609.3 million
FY 1988 K-12 budget: $590.9 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +3 percent
- Rejected Governor's proposal to set aside fixed proportion of state's "permanent fund'' for new endowment for public education.
- Appropriated $13.5 million for programs and services to serve troubled youths, battered women, and poor or neglected infants and children.
Governor: William A. O'Neill (D)
FY 1989 state budget: $6.3 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $1.15 billion
FY 1988 K-12 budget: $999 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +15 percent
- New school-finance formula will establish a foundation of $4,800 per pupil for all districts, and base state aid, in part, on student test scores.
- Mandated AIDS instruction in all schools, but allowed districts to determine curricula.
- Delayed for one year implementation of teacher-certification regulations originally mandated in 1986.
- Provided $4 million to implement teacher-evaluation programs.
- Strengthened schools' authority in child-abuse cases by granting superintendents access to records for investigating allegations and authorizing them to suspend teachers convicted of child-abuse offenses; also required courts to inform state teacher-certification office of such convictions.
Governor: Ray Mabus (D)
FY 1989 state budget: $1.79 billion
FY 1989 K-12 budget: $832.1 million
FY 1988 K-12 budget: $746.8 million
Percent change K-12 budget: +11 percent
- Raised the average salary for teachers by $3,700, to $24,550, equaling the average for the 12 Southeastern states. Also approved raises for teachers' aides in grades 1-3.
- Earmarked $2 million to create a new statewide residential high school for mathematics and science; will enroll 135 students this fall.