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Legislative Update

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The following are summaries of governors' budget requests for precollegiate education and related highlights of their legislative agendas. Final action by lawmakers will be reported in the months ahead.


CONNECTICUT


Governor:

William A. O'Neill (D)

FY 1989-90 proposed state budget:

$5.58 billion

FY 1989-90 proposed K-12 budget:

$1.15 billion

FY 1987-88 K-12 budget:

$999 million

Percent change K-12 budget:

+15 percent


Highlights


60 percent increase, to $207 million, for trust fund used to finance teacher-salary increases.

$142 million to help towns retain, attract teachers.

$4 million for locally developed teacher-evaluation plans.

$2.2 million to enhance services for families with troubled children.

Proposes expanding existing dropout-prevention program.


MINNESOTA


Governor:

Rudy Perpich (D)

FY 1988-89 state budget:

$11.63 billion (approved May 1987)

FY 1988-89 K-12 budget:

$2.97 billion


Highlights


Requests small supplements to second year of a biennial budget to plan future policies.

$12 million to fund desegregation efforts in Duluth, Minneapolis, and St. Paul. Also seeks $3 million for planning grants for voluntary exchanges of students and staff between districts to further desegregation.

Proposes early-education package. Would give districts the choice of of4fering full-day kindergarten, programs for at-risk 3- and 4-year-olds, or programs for latchkey children.

Proposes planning for school-based day care for teen-age mothers who are required to attend school to receive welfare.

Proposes development of "Governor's scholar" tests, which would reward highest scorers in 6th and 10th grades with one quarter of free tuition at a state college or university, and recognize all those in 75th percentile or above.


PENNSYLVANIA


Governor:

Robert P. Casey (D)

FY 1989-90 proposed state budget:

$10.9 billion

FY 1989-90 proposed K-12 budget:

$4 billion

FY 1987-88 K-12 budget:

$3.8 billion

Percent change K-12 budget:

+5 percent


Highlights


$143-million increase in equalized state aid.

$4.8 million to set statewide minimum teachers' salary at $17,500 in first year of biennium; would be raised to $18,500 in the second year.

$14 million for new program to reward schools that lower their dropout rates, raise student test scores in reading or math, or raise college-enrollment rates. Other criteria would be added in subsequent years.

$3 million for teacher training and development. Includes $2 million for local professional-development programs, $500,000 to establish five "lead teacher" centers, and $500,000 for the state academy for the teaching profession.

$3 million for new loan-forgiveness program for prospective teachers who agree to work in economically distressed communities.

$1 million for new grant program to fund innovative day-care and early-childhood programs.

Proposes legislation to lessen municipalities' and districts' reliance on property taxes by expanding their authority to levy other taxes.

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