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Legislative Update

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This month marks the opening of legislative sessions in states across the country. In the weeks ahead, Legislative Update will include summaries of the governors' budget requests for precollegiate education and related highlights from their legislative agendas. Final action by lawmakers will be reported in the months ahead.


ALASKA

Governor:

Steve Cowper (D)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$1.94 billion

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$456.3 million

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$453 million

Percent change K-12 budget:

+1 percent

Highlights


"Maintenance budget" would increase education's share of total state spending from 24.3 percent to 25 percent.

Requests a statewide referendum on whether to set aside interest dividends from the $9-billion "permanent fund" for public education. If approved, program would provide schools with an additional $50 million annually during its first two years.


ARIZONA

Governor:

Evan Mecham (R)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$2.77 billion

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$1.1 billion

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$1.06 billion

Percent change K-12 budget:

+3.8 percent

Highlights


Precollegiate education will be exempted from a projected $100-million overall cut in proposed state spending to be announced later this month.

Proposes a new $1.5-million program for 'at risk' students in kindergarten through 3rd grade.


CALIFORNIA

Governor:

George Deukmejian (R)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$36.1 billion

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$13.6 billion

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$12.6 billion

Percent change K-12 budget:

+7.9 percent

Highlights


$1.1-billion increase in unrestricted operating aid to districts, including local property taxes.

$10 million in new funds for staff development.

$3 million to establish joint commission of the education department and commission on teacher credentialing to study methods of evaluating and supporting new teachers.

$550,000 in new aid to low-performing school districts.

$1 million for research and development to align existing computer hardware and software with district curriculum objectives.

Other legislative proposals will be delayed until the California Commission on Educational Quality issues its final report in June.


GEORGIA

Governor:

Joe Frank Harris (D)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$6.2 billion

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$2.27 billion

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$2.2 billion

Percent change K-12 budget:

+3.2 percent

Highlights


$11.8-million increase in equalization aid.

$48 million to provide a 3 percent salary increase for teachers.

$13 million to increase the salary differential for experienced teachers, from 2.7 percent to 2.8 percent.

$2.9 million to field-test evaluation programs for teachers, administrators, and other school personnel.


IDAHO

Governor:

Cecil D. Andrus (D)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$703 million

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$362 million

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$343 million

Percent change K-12 budget:

+5.5 percent

Highlights


$300,000 for drop-out prevention programs. Will introduce legislation to permit adult drop-outs to return to high school to earn diplomas.

State-aid request includes funds to provide an 8 percent salary increase for teachers.

$1.6 million to expand Medicaid coverage for low-income women and infants.

Will introduce legislation to create new programs for "at risk" children.


INDIANA

Governor:

Robert D. Orr (R)

FY 1988-89 state budget:

$12 billion (approved May 1987)

FY 1988-89 K-12 budget:

$4.51 billion

Highlights


Governor's "number one" priority for this year's short, nonbudgetary session will be to protect far-ranging reform program approved last year from being "scuttled."

Seven-point "Jobs Through Export" program. Among the recommendations: creation of an international teacher-exchange program, summer "Governor's Scholars Academy" for 200 top high-school juniors and seniors.

Requests support for educational programs to help slow the spread of acquired immune deficiency syndrome.


KANSAS

Governor:

Mike Hayden (R)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$1.99 billion

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$765.8 million

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$713.2 million

Percent change K-12 budget:

+7.4 percent

Highlights


$24.8-million increase in equalization aid. Would permit districts to raise teacher salaries by an average of 4.5 percent.

$1.5 million for human-sexuality and aids education.

$21-million increase in income-tax rebates to districts.


MISSOURI

Governor:

John Ashcroft (R)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$3.56 billion

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$1.08 billion

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$1.02 billion

Percent change K-12 budget:

+6 percent

Highlights


Financial incentives for districts that lengthen their school year beyond the 174 days required by law.

"Crime-Free Schools Program" would stiffen penalties for drug sales, weapons possession, vandalism, and assault of school employees on or near school grounds.

Urges easing requirement that local bond issues be approved two-thirds of those voting.

Requests that 15-year-olds with good academic records be granted daytime driving privileges.


NEBRASKA

Governor:

Kay A. Orr (R)

FY 1988-89 state budget:

$1.9 billion (approved June 1987)

FY 1988-89 K-12 budget:

$246 million

Proposed adjustment

To K-12 budget:

+$21.3 million

Percent Change K-12 budget:

+8.7 percent

Highlights


FY 1988 revenue was $45 million above projections.

Proposes using part of the windfall to restore $10.6 million in special-education aid cut in fiscal 1988, and to raise overall fiscal 1989 state aid by $10.7 million. Changes would set total K-12 spending for the biennium at $267.3 million.


NEW HAMPSHIRE

Governor:

John H. Sununu (R)

FY 1988-89 state budget:

$2.7 billion (approved May 1987)

FY 1988-89 K-12 budget:

$210 million

Highlights


Endorses legislation linking the awarding of drivers' licenses to demonstration of minimum competency in reading, writing, and mathematics.

NEW YORK

Governor:

Mario M. Cuomo (D)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$28.4 billion

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$7 billion

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$6.7 billion

Percent change K-12 budget:

+4.5 percent

Highlights


$184 million of $325 million state-aid increase would be distributed as operating aid.

New $354-million program, Accountability Plus, would consolidate existing programs, including special education, compensatory education, early-grade intervention, attendance improvement, and dropout prevention. Funds would be distributed to districts through a formula based on family poverty and student enrollment. Detailed accounting of expenditures would be required only from low-performing districts.

New $25-million competitive grants program to enable districts to establish pre-kindergarten classes.

$22.5-million increase for two-year-old Excellence in Teaching program. Aid is earmarked for salary increases.

Proposes introducing a poverty factor into several funding formulas.


OHIO

Governor:

Richard F. Celeste (D)

FY 1988-89 state budget:

$11.5 billion (approved June 1987)

FY 1988-89 K-12 budget:

$3.1 billion

Highlights


Establishing a "blue-ribbon" commission to set a school-reform agenda for the next decade.

Will propose redistributing funds during second year of biennium to increase support for "Jobs for Graduates" program.

Supports ban on corporal punishment in schools.

Proposes legislation to clarify that school boards may offer preschool and day-care programs.


OKLAHOMA

Governor:

Henry Bellmon (R)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$2.37 billion

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$821.7 million

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$772.1 million

Percent change K-12 budget:

+6.4 percent

Highlights


$35-million increase in equalization formula, with the expectation that most of the funds would be used to raise teacher salaries.

$20 million over three years to fund demonstration projects on such topics as teen-age pregnancy, at-risk and gifted students, and illiteracy.

Calls for enactment of "no-pass, no-play" legislation.

Supports school-improvement recommendations made in December2p4by the state superintendent of public instruction.


SOUTH CAROLINA

Governor:

Carroll A. Campbell Jr. (R)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$4.8 billion

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$1.27 billion

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$1.19 billion

Percent change K-12 budget:

+6.7 percent

Highlights


$52.7-million increase in general aid to districts.

$33.8-million increase for reform programs authorized under the 1984 Education Improvement Act. Includes $7.9 million for teacher-salary increases.

Suggests that funding for gifted students, compensatory education, testing programs, and the Governor's School for Mathematics and Science be shifted from the aid budget to the eia budget.


SOUTH DAKOTA

Governor:

George S. Mickelson (R)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$386.1 million

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$89.2 million

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$85.6 million

Percent Change K-12 Budget:

+4.2 percent

Highlights


$2.5-million increase for teacher salaries. Proposes that $1.9 million in existing funds for inservice days be added to the $2.5 million, then matched by districts on a 2-to-1 basis, to raise a total of $13.3 million. If all districts participate, every teacher in the state would receive a pay raise of $1,556.

$1.1-million increase in aid to districts.

$569,000 to extend Medicaid coverage for pregnant women and children under 5 who live below the poverty level but do not qualify for welfare.


UTAH

Governor:

Norman H. Bangerter (R)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$2.77 billion

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$1.01 billion

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$1.01 billion

Percent change K-12 budget:

No change

Highlights


1.3 percent increase in aid to help cover cost of 10 percent rise in enrollment. Funds would be made available by eliminating several categorical programs.

Five districts would receive all aid in the form of block grants as part of a pilot test. If successful, program would be expanded statewide.

Urges districts to issue annual report cards citing the progress of schools, and to develop "open enrollment" policies.


VERMONT

Governor:

Madeleine M. Kunin (D)

FY 1989 proposed state budget:

$524 million

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$163 million

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$144 million

Percent change K-12 budget:

+13 percent

Highlights


$15.1-million increase in aid.

New funding formula and a 6 percent aid increase for special education.

$250,000 for dropout-prevention programs.

$200,000 to create a state center for the prevention and treatment of sexual abuse. Governor says this would be the first such center in the nation.

Proposes that districts compile an annual "report card" of education indicators.

Proposes a one-year, 1 percent cut in income taxes. Would be restored in FY 1990 if an economic slowdown reduces state revenues.


VIRGINIA

Governor:

Gerald L. Baliles (D)

FY 1989-90 proposed state budget:

$11.2 billion

FY 1989-90 proposed K-12 budget:

$4.2 billion

FY 1987-88 K-12 budget:

$3.6 billion

Percent Change K-12 budget:

+16.6 percent

Highlights


$553.8-million increase in aid. Includes $9.9 million to implement recommendations of Governor's Commission on Excellence in Education.

Proposes revising aid formula to address spending disparities between poor and rich districts.

Would require districts to adopt either a sex-education curriculum developed by the state board of education or a locally developed curriculum based on board guidelines. State would fully fund the program; cost not determined.

Proposes raising compulsory-school-attendance age from 17 to 18.


WYOMING

Governor:

Mike Sullivan (D)

FY 1989-90 proposed state budget:

$1.36 billion

FY 1989 proposed K-12 budget:

$239 million

FY 1988 K-12 budget:

$227 million

Percent change K-12 budget:

+5.2 percent

Highlights


Precollegiate-education budget is prepared annually by the education department and is not included in the Governor's biennial budget request for other agencies.

Department's request for fiscal 1989 includes $15.9 million to restore funds cut from the 1988 budget.

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