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The University of Minnesota's Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs will be the site of a new research effort focused on the juvenile-justice system and related issues.

Funded by a three-year $205,000 grant from the Northwest Area Foundation, the Center for Studies in Youth Policy "will aim to serve as a major national resource for policymakers and decisionmakers interested in youth," according to a university spokesman. The center's director will be Ira Schwartz, who headed the U.S. Justice Department's office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention in the Carter Administration.

"What started as a specific focus on the juvenile-justice system has led our staff into a tangled web of youth-control systems," said Mr. Schwartz, who has completed two studies in the field since coming to the university in 1981. "We found that young people were caught up not only in the juvenile-justice system, but also in the child-welfare, mental-health, and chemical-dependency systems."

Mr. Schwartz's first two projects, according to the university, will be an analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's 1982 survey of youth in institutions and a study of the care and treatment of juveniles in residential psychiatric and chemical-dependency programs.

Harold Howe 2d, the former U.S. Commissioner of Education and vice president of the Ford Foundation, is now looking at education from a slightly different vantage point: from the presidency of a nonprofit group set up to help corporations and foundations "operate their philanthropic affairs with more imagination and efficiency," Mr. Howe says.

As president of the Center for Effective Philanthropy, Mr. Howe recently sent a letter to some 200 foundation leaders asking them not to "take the good health of the nation's colleges and universities for granted while attending to other needs." The letter suggested that recipients consider supporting the efforts of colleges, particularly those in the private sector--"where vulnerability to erosion and loss is most discernible now"--to consolidate, streamline, or eliminate programs, and to improve their leadership.

The center was founded two years ago with support from the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, and the Rockefeller Foundation.

More than three-quarters of all faculty members at American colleges and universities bolstered their salary with earnings from outside professional activities during 1981-82, according to a recent survey by The Chronicle of Higher Education.

Typically, according to the survey, those earnings amounted to about one-fourth of the faculty members' annual salaries. Those earning the most were full professors of business and economics at private institutions; they earned an average increment of $25,232, or about 69 percent of their salary for the year. Their colleagues at public universities averaged $11,521 in extra

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