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Despite federal budget cuts in many summer "enrichment" programs for high-school teachers, 50 chemistry teachers will have the opportunity to participate in a similar program funded entirely by private sponsors.

The Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, with support from the Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation, will hold a month-long institute in Princeton, N.J., next summer for the teachers. The program is intended to provide an "expanded perspective on the teaching of chemistry," according to foundation officials.

Working with four to six chemists who are affiliated with colleges and universities, the teachers will prepare "new and relevant material that can be easily integrated into existing chemistry courses," according to the foundation. The material will be designed to reinforce concepts discussed in the classroom, and give students laboratory experience.

To qualify, applicants must be high-school chemistry teachers who have taught for at least three years, and who are assured of a position teaching chemistry for the 1982-83 school year.

To request an application form for the institute, which runs from July 12 to Aug. 6, 1982, write to J.A. Himes, Program Officer, Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, Box 642, Princeton, N.J., 08540. The deadline for applying is Jan. 29.

With divorce rates soaring and birth rates falling, officials of the often-puritanical Soviet government have issued a decree that will introduce sex education into the national curriculum.

The decree instructed the Academy of Educational Sciences and the Ministry of Higher Education to prepare textbooks and train personnel for new sex-instruction courses, according to Reuters, the British news service.

The decree follows several years of government concern about the stability of marriages and families in the Soviet Union.

Since the late 1970's, the government has run experimental courses in about 25 Moscow schools. Several Moscow schools have their own "university of marriage and family" for older children.

The child who complains of frequent stomachaches, headaches, or other physical symptoms may be suffering from a less well-recognized ailment: "school phobia."

A seasonal illness that occurs from September to June, school phobia affects approximately one child in 60, according to Jonathan Kellerman, a Los Angeles child psychologist and clinical professor of pediatrics who is the author of the recently published book, Helping the Fearful Child.

"Phobia," Dr. Kellerman explains, may not even be an accurate description of the problem, since phobias are by definition illogical. Many children's fears about school, he says, are perfectly rational. Some may fear a strict teacher or may worry that other children will make fun of them.

Parents might best deal with temporary fears by being firm with the child and not allowing him to miss school, Dr. Kellerman suggests.

Chronic avoidance of school, however, which occurs most frequently in preadolescents and teenagers, may be a visible symptom of deeper psychological problems and may require professional counseling, he says.

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